Optimum Performance

What You Need To Know About VO2 Max

If you exercise regularly, you probably keep track of how many minutes you work out, how many calories your burn, and your heart rate. But there’s another indicator that can help you improve your aerobic... more »

When Is The Most Effective Time To Exercise?

Scientists still do not know why the timing of exercise produces different effects. To gain a better understanding, an international team of scientists recently carried out the most comprehensive study to date of exercise performed... more »

Vitamin D and Athletic Performance

A recent research review published in the journal Physical Activity and Nutrition found that having healthy vitamin D levels correlated positively with athletic performance in endurance sports — among other benefits. The researchers performed a... more »

Major League Culinary Performance Nutrition

One hundred and sixty-two games over a six-month-long regular season. It’s an extended haul in Major League Baseball, and recovery throughout is pivotal to maintaining healthy and high-performing athletes. This goal is top of mind... more »

Q&A with Andrea Wieland, Penn’s Sports Performance Associate Director

Dr. Andrea Wieland, an experienced professional with more than two decades of training athletes to peak physical and mental performance, is in her third year as Associate Athletic Director for Sports Performance. In her position,... more »

FIFA Takes Part in Ground-Breaking Female Player Health & Performance Study

FIFA, in collaboration with Orreco and Western Sydney University, is investing in female player health and performance research to build better future sports science systems. For decades, the scientific understanding of the female athlete has... more »

Achieving Level II in Athletics

Even though most athletes would tell the coach that they want to perform at their ultimate level of play, the reality is many settle for what would be called a Level I performance. Both the... more »

Information on Inflammation

Recovery is an important aspect when it comes to athletic development. The ability to efficiently recover directly impacts an athlete’s ability to perform, adapt, and grow. The term inflammation is frequently thrown around in the... more »

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