Jul 12, 2021Protecting Athletes from the Most Common Sports Injuries
Injuries happen in sports and training. There is no way around it.
While sports, training, and just general physical activities have many benefits, the risk of injury is always lurking if we’re not careful.
A recent article on HackensackMeridanHealth.org shared some thoughts on how to protect ourselves from common sports injuries. Below is an excerpt from that article.
“The most common cause of sports injury is poor training,” says Joseph Bellapianta, M.D., who specializes in orthopedics and sports medicine at Mountainside Medical Center. Other top causes include structural abnormalities, muscle weakness, and unsafe exercise environments.
The most common types of sports injuries Dr. Bellapianta sees include:
- ACL tears (knee injury)
- Compartment syndrome (dangerous muscle pressure caused by intense repetitive exercise)
- Heat exhaustion
- Muscle cramps
- Shin splints, sprains, and strains
- Stress fractures
- Torn tendons and ligaments
- Rotator cuff tears
- Labrum tears
- Hip replacements
- Knee replacements
- Cartilage restoration procedures
Before You Start a New Sport or Exercise Program
Before you embark on a new type of exercise, sport, or physical activity, here is what Dr. Bellapianta says you need to know:
- Before beginning a program, consult a doctor who specializes in sports medicine or your primary care doctor for an evaluation. They can evaluate you for any pre-existing structural abnormalities, which can predispose you to injury, and advise you on ways to minimize risk.
- Make stretching and warming up a part of your daily exercise routines to help prevent injury. Stretching and warming up get your body ready for the exercise you are about to do. The warm-up exercises you choose should mimic the exercise you are about to do but at a lower intensity.
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- Listen to your body. Muscle soreness is a sign of increasing strength, but pain and soreness are very different. Pain is an indicator that you need to stop what you are doing before it causes or worsens an injury.
- Place ice on a new injury or on sore muscles after exercising to reduce inflammation.
- Hydrate, especially if the weather is warm or hot. Hydrate with water, a sports drink, or fruit juice before, during, and after exercise.
- Start slowly, especially if it is an activity you have never done before or haven’t performed for a long time. Start in small increments and do not do it every day. Allow your body to heal by taking a day off in between exercising days.
If in spite of taking precautions, you have an injury, consult your doctor or a sports medicine specialist to ensure you get the appropriate treatment that will enable you to heal and return to your sport as quickly as possible.
To read the full article on how to prevent common sports injuries, click here.