November 1, 2014 Volume XXIV, No. 08


Uncovering Sprinters' Secrets
The mystery behind the origins of elite sprinters' speed is closer to being solved thanks to research conducted at Southern Methodist University's Locomotor Performance Laboratory. Two different studies, one published in the June 2014 issue of The Journal of Experimental Biology and the other in the September 2014 issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology, found that sprinters generate speed through distinct limb dynamics that increase ground forces upon impact.


University of Washington
By R.J. Anderson

R.J. Anderson is an Assistant Editor at Training & Conditioning. He can be reached at: rja@MomentumMedia.com.


With an emphasis on restoring muscle function, trigger point dry needling ensures the Washington Redskins are always ready to strike.
By Elliott Jermyn

Elliott Jermyn, MS, PT, ATC, CSCI, is Physical Therapist and Assistant Athletic Trainer for the Washington Redskins. He is a Level II Functional Dry Needling Practitioner and can be reached at: jermyne@redskins.com.


When poor nutrition stands in the way of an athlete's performance, it's time to act. These three case studies cover dietary hurdles encountered in basketball, cross country, and swimming.


In the world of sports nutrition, some advice is tried and true--eat lots of fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of fluids, and keep sugary snacks to a minimum. But in some instances, athletes require a more personal touch to address fueling deficiencies.


Beyond physical training, many schools are investing in total performance programs for their athletes, offering everything from sport psychology to massage therapy. We asked a roundtable of experts for their ideas on the topic.
By R.J. Anderson

R.J. Anderson is an Assistant Editor at Training & Conditioning. He can be reached at: rja@MomentumMedia.com.


What's it like to be an outreach athletic trainer for a group of rural high schools? To start, traveling light is not an option.
By Jodie L. Smith

Jodie L. Smith, MEd, ATC, CSCS, is an Athletic Trainer with Athletic Medicine & Performance in Billings, Mont. She can be reached at: medatc@hotmail.com.


The Florida State University softball team takes an unconventional route to offseason training, focusing as much on speed and agility as on power.
By Caitlin Quinn

Caitlin Quinn, CSCS, RSCC, is Assistant Strength and Speed Coach at Florida State University, where she works with the softball and indoor volleyball teams. She was named the 2013 NSCA Assistant Strength and Conditioning Coach of the Year and can be reached at: cquinn@fsu.edu.


References

Simons DG, Travell JG, Simons LS.  Travell and Simons' Myo-fascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Vol. 1 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1999.

Lewit K. The Needle Effect in Relief of Myofascial Pain. Pain 1979;6(1):83-90.

Baldry, P. Management of Myofascial Trigger Point Pain. Accupuncture in Medicine 2002;20(1):2-10.

Hong CZ. Lidocaine Injection Versus Dry Needling to Myofascial Trigger Point. The Importance of the Local Twitch Response. Am J Phys Med Rehab 1994;73(4):256-263.