References
September 1, 2008
All the studies discussed in this article can be viewed in abstract form in volume 40, issue 5, supplement 1, of the Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. The same abstracts can be found online at http://www.ms-se.com. Bliss, M.V., D. Bellar, et al. "The effect of caffeine supplementation on performance in the standing shot put throw." (abstract #2036)
References
July 1, 2008
Lawrence, J. P., H.S. Greene. “Back Pain in Athletes.” Journal of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery 14. no. 13 (2006): 726-735. Starkey, C., G. Johnson. Athletic Training and Sports Medicine. 4th ed. Jones and Bartlett. Sudbury: 2006. Gerbino ,P.G., P.A. d’Hemecourt. “Does Football cause an increase in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine?” Current Sports Medicine Reports 1 (2002): 47-51.
References
July 1, 2008
Andrews, J.R. and R.L. Angelo. “Shoulder arthroscopy for the throwing athlete.” Techniques in Orthopaedics 3, no. 1 (1988): 75-82. Apreleva, M., C.T. Hasselman, et al. “A dynamic analysis of glenohumeral motion after simulated capsulolabral injury. A cadaver model.” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 80 no. 4 (1998): 474-480. Bagg, S.D., W.J. Forrest. “Electromyographic study of the scapular rotators during arm abduction in the scapular plane.” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 65 no. 3 (1986): 111-124.
References
March 1, 2008
Nuber G.W., F.W. Jobe, et al. “Fine wire electromyography analysis of muscles of the shoulder during swimming”. American Journal of Sports Medicine 14 (1986): 7-11. Becker, K.M., M.O. Erlanson, et al. “A comparison of serratus anterior muscle activity during prone exercises in water and on land as measured by a clinical EMG unit.” St Paul, Minn., College of St. Catherine (unpublished master’s thesis), 1996.
References
December 1, 2007
Click here to read the article. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Position Stand, 2007. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 39, no. 10: 1867-1882. International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission Position Stand. http://multimedia.olympic.org/pdf/en_report_917.pdf
References
July 23, 2007
Click here to read the article. Shirreffs S., M. Sawka, et al. “Water and Electrolyte Needs for Football Training and Match-Play.” Journal of Sports Sciences 24, no. 7 (2006): 699-707. Fowkes Godek, S., J. Godek, et al. “Hydration Status in College Football Players During Consecutive Days of Twice-a-Day Preseason Practices.” American Journal of Sports Medicine 33 (2005): 843-851.

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